Purpose of Laboratory
The purpose of the park is the regular and short-term measurement and observation of the variables that are required to be measured in atmospheric sciences, and to provide students with the opportunity to test and evaluate their theoretical knowledge in practice.
Objective of Laboratory
To make regular climatological and short-term measurements for research and educational purposes.
Research and Application Fields
All fields related to meteorology (climatology, agricultural and forest meteorology, water meteorology, energy meteorology, weather forecasting and analysis, air pollution etc.).
There is a fully automated meteorology station in the Meteorological Observation Park, which is part of the Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics. At this station, air temperature, relative humidity and wind speed are measured at 2 m and 10 m heights, respectively. In addition, the direction of the wind is measured at 10 m height, the net and global radiation is measured at a height of 2 m, and the precipitation is measured at a height of 1 m. Moreover, soil temperature is measured at depths of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 cm in the soil. All measurements are recorded by a data collector. Besides the automatic station, there are mechanical tools in the climatology station. This station contains the tools that must be found in a climatology station.
There is 1 technician responsible for this park. In addition, experimental measurements in the park are made by 1 faculty member and 1 research assistant in the Meteorological Instruments and Observation Methods course.
Measurement of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, amount of precipitation, net and global radiation with electronic sensors; sunshine duration, evaporation (from container, wild and Piche type), measurement of soil temperature at 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 cm depths with mercury thermometers, measurement of wet and dry air temperature and maximum and minimum temperatures with mechanical instruments.
Several Conducted Projects
Two projects have been carried out to date regarding the development of the Meteorological Observation Park, and, thus the establishment of an automatic meteorology station in the park and the sustainability of the system have been ensured. Precipitation measurement to determine the temporal variation of dry accumulation in Istanbul; Measurement of Surface Energy fluxes with electronic psychrometers; Investigation of the relationship between the amount of mass lost by a substance as a result of sublimation and the amount of evaporation from the free water surface; Refraction Index Measurements in the Boundary Layer at Micro and Optical Frequencies in Space Operations